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Stanford Sociologist John W. Meyer Gives a Talk at the Haus der Wissenschaft

Since more than 40 years Professor John W. Meyer is known for his work on the question of how institutions diffuse globally based on underlying ideas and worldviews. This fall Meyer is Hans-Koschnick-Professor at the University of Bremen and on Thursday, October 17th, 2019 at 6 pm will give a talk at the Haus der Wissenschaft on a subject which brings him back to one of the roots of his oeuvre: to education and the institution of the university. They are among the central ideas and institutions of Liberalism. The important question of the talk will be whether the recently prevalent ant-liberal thinking also leads to changes in the focus on education (and with it on university).

The talk is in English, there is no admission fee.

Contact:
Prof. Dr. Michael Windzio
Universität Bremen
SOCIUM Forschungszentrum Ungleichheit und Sozialpolitik
Mary-Somerville-Str. 5

28359 Bremen
Tel.: 0421/218-58629
E-Mail: mwindzio@uni-bremen.de

 

Conference at the Haus der Wissenschaft underlines necessity for action and more research

Both social as well as environmental policy research use the notion of sustainability. However, they use it in different forms and with different content. The yet only partially discernable effects of climate change, however, impress the obligation that really “sustainable” policies cannot focus only on one of the aims.

On 23 and 24 September 2019 SOCIUM together with the Forschungsinstitut für gesellschaftliche Weiterentwicklung (FGW), Düsseldorf, the IAQ Institut Arbeit und Qualifikation at the University of Duisburg-Essen, the DFG Research Group Need-Based Justice and Distribution Procedures and the Senatorischen Behörde für Soziales, Jugend, Frauen, Integration und Sport, Bremen, organized an interdisciplinary conference on sustainability in both social as well as ecological terms. In two conference days it is certainly only possible to touch on such large topics. All participants, however, deplored on the one hand the large research gaps in the overlap between social and environmental risks and crises. On the other hand, they sketched out possible next steps to close these gaps in the upcoming years.

On the evening of the first conference day a panel also discussed the situation and perspectives of the journal “Zeitschrift für Sozialreform”. A controversial debate ensued on the possible format of journals at the intersection of academia and practice as well on the question of how sustainable publishing can be organized based on internationalized social sciences but still nationally dominated social laws and policies.

More information
Conference Program

www.fgw-nrw.de
www.iaq.uni-due.de
www.socium.uni-bremen.de

Contact
Prof. Dr. Frank Nullmeier
University of Bremen
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Str. 5

28359 Bremen
Germany
Tel.: (+49) (0)421-218-58576
E-Mail: frank.nullmeier@uni-bremen.de


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Frank Nullmeier
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 7
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58576
E-Mail: frank.nullmeier@uni-bremen.de

Cover Innovationsreport 2019Cover Innovationsreport 2019
Study on innovative medicines of the year 2016 in day to day care

This year's Innovation Report rates 21 active ingredients of the total of 31 medicines launched in 2016.

Oncologics were most frequently evaluated, five drugs contain antiviral drugs, three are recombinant coagulation factors. The remaining active ingredients cover eight further indications. For the first time, a vaccine (the HPV vaccine, which i.a. protects against cervical cancer) was rated in this report. Eight medicines were launched with a fast track assessment.

The special chapter of the report is dedicated to the current topic "vaccination and compulsory vaccination" and discusses measles, HPV and flu vaccines in particular.

The data of the RKI, the KiGGS study and the WHO state that the measles vaccination rates have still not been reached. They show that compulsory vaccination, which has already been introduced in some European countries, has not eliminated measles. The Innovation Report 2019 presents various approaches how an increase in vaccination rates could succeed and how the potential arguments of the anti-vaxxers could be. It illustrates the great importance of physician-patient communication in this context. Compulsory measles vaccination should be the ultima ratio - education and information campaigns need to be developed and strengthened in the public.

Although five medicines were rated with a green overall traffic light, the increase in red traffic lights (61% of all assessed medicines) has degraded the hope of a positive development of newly licensed medicines compared to the last year. For six medicines red hand letters with important information for physicians and patients were sent. This also confirms the assumption that current approval studies provide only a limited picture of effects and side effects, therefore pharmacovigilance studies in the "aftermarket" are urgently needed.

Medicines that represent a true therapeutic innovation and have been assessed with a green (added) benefit signal are human papillomavirus vaccines and medicines in cancer treatment of multiple myeloma (Daratumumab and Elotuzumab) and in the treatment of chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (Sacubitril/Valsartan). Only one medicine (Elbasvir/Grazoprevir) is cheaper than the ACT and has been given a green light in this category. Regarding the price twelve medicines were rated as equally expensive (marked with a yellow traffic light) and four medicines as more expensive (marked with a red traffic light). In comparison with already available therapies, five medicines are marked in green, four in yellow, and 14 in red. Thus, only nine of the new medicines on the market contribute to already approved pharmaceuticals in a positive way.

 

Innovation Report 2019:

long version

short version

Presentation of Prof. Dr. Gerd Glaeske


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Gerd Glaeske
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58559
E-Mail: gglaeske@uni-bremen.de

Prof. Dr. Karin GottschallProf. Dr. Karin Gottschall
DFG elects new members for its Senate Committee and Grants Committee on Collaborative Research Centres

Recently the Senate of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) elected some of the bodies of the DFG. In doing so it elected one of the members of SOCIUM in two important committees. Karin Gottschall, Professor of Sociology at Fachbereich 8 and Department Head at SOCIUM, became member of the Senate Committee on Collaborative Research Centres of the DFG and at the same time member of the Grants Committee on Collaborative Research Centres.

The task of the Senate Committee on Collaborative Research Centres is to participate in the preparation, assessment and decision-making on financing the applications for Sonderforschungsbereiche (Collaborative Research Centers) at the DFG. It consists of 40 scientists from all disciplines.

The Grants Committee, as its name indicates, decides about the financing of applications for Collaborative Research Centers by the DFG. It consists of the 40 members of the Senate Committee plus one representative of the Federal Ministry and one representative each for the 16 Länder governments.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Karin Gottschall
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 5
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58595
E-Mail: karin.gottschall@uni-bremen.de

The German Data Forum on empirical social, behavioural and economic sciences accredits the research data center QUALISERVICE located at the SOCIUM Research Center of the University of Bremen.

The German Data Forum advises the federal government and is involved in optimizing data infrastructures. Having obtained the accreditation, Qualiservice now aims to strengthen the interests of qualitative research at the level of science policy.

The accreditation by the German Data Forum in June 2019 is a testimony for the hitherto achievements of Qualiservice. For being accredited, research data centers (RDCs) must accord to the criteria of the German Data Forum with regard to data protection and quality as well as continuous dialog with the scientific community. As an accredited RDC, Qualiservice will work with the Standing Committee on Research Data Infrastructure of the German Data Forum. About 30 RDCs, mostly handling quantitative data, are working to establish a new research data infrastructure in specific working groups. Being appointed a member, Qualiservice is given the chance to point out the special requirements that access to sensitive research data entails for secondary use.

Since 2018, the German Research Foundation (GRF) has been funding the perpetuation of Qualiservice as a RDC for sensitive data in qualitative research. As a „living archive“ Qualiservice does not only deposit research data passively, but supports researchers in the documentation process of their research. The aim is to make the research materials generated in the projects available to other scholars for secondary research. The opportunity to reuse and compare data from social research for longitudinals independently of the primary study will be of particular interest in the future.

Qualitative research materials provided by Qualiservice represent for example, interviews or observations. They are available in written form as transcripts or protocols, but also as audio files, photos or video files. These documentations usually refer to personal data, since the interviewees and other research subjects allow the researchers to participate in their lifeworld.
In order to protect research participants’ personal data, Qualiservice has set up secure workflows and a Safe Center. Thereby Qualiservice takes measures to curate sensitive data while complying to data protection regulations. A workplace for visiting scholars enables secondary use directly on site. More anonymised data sets are also provided as scientific use files. Access to the data is contractually regulated and can only be obtained for scientific purposes. The organisation of a quality-oriented RDC requires national and international networking. As a result of the close collaboration with infrastructure facilities and researchers a separate GRF-funded section on ethnographic data was set up. Furthermore, Qualiservice participates in a BMBF-funded project group working on tools to ensure data quality und long term referencing , taking educational data as an example.

Qualiservice is located at the SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy, led by Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein. In cooperation with PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science and the State and the University Library Bremen (SuUB) Qualiservice is assuring the archiving and dissemination workflows as well as appropriate metadata. Besides, a coordinated archiving and representation of mixed methods studies will be implemented together with GESIS - Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. Since 2019 QUALISERVICE works in close cooperation with the DFG-funded Specialised Information Service Social and Cultural Anthropology (FID SKA), located at the University Library of the Humboldt University Berlin.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58512
E-Mail: betina.hollstein@uni-bremen.de

Cover Hautkrebsreport 2019Cover Hautkrebsreport 2019
On 29th May Prof. Dr. Gerd Glaeske, Co-editor, presented the "Skin cancer report 2019" together with Techniker Krankenkasse and University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf.

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in Germany with 270,000 new cases a year. In every seventh skin cancer, the most dangerous is black skin cancer (malignant melanoma), which accounts for around 14% of skin cancers, with 86% white or pale skin cancers. The number increases every year - in the years 2009 to 2015, 50% additional diagnoses of light skin cancer and 30% of black skin cancer were made. Skin cancer is often curable if diagnosed early enough.

Thomas Kalwitzki at an Expert Hearing of the Committee on Health Care of the German Federal Parliament

On 8 May 2019 the Committee on Health Care of the German Federal Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag) organized a hearing attended by 17 experts and representatives of interest groups. The subject were the motions of the Green Party, the Left Party and the Free Democratic Party on a reform of the financing of the nursing care insurance. Heinz Rothgang had written an expert opinion on the issue and Thomas Kalwitzki answered questions at the hearing itself.

Rothgang and Kalwitzki point to a significant amount of unfairness between the two branches of the statutory nursing care insurance: the private obligatory nursing care insurance and the public nursing care insurance. This effects an unequal burden of financing the insurance for the different memberships of the two branches. Since the privately insured members on average include both the lower risks as well as the higher incomes the premiums covering the costs would be only one fourth of the premiums in the public insurance. Privately insured members are, hence, considerably less financially burdened than publicly insured members. This, however, contradicts the judgement of the German Federal Constitutional Court which called for a balanced burden-sharing between the two branches of the nursing care insurance for the people.

In order to distribute the financial burden fairly Rothgang and Kalwitzki advocated the introduction of a so called Citizen Nursing Care Insurance. It not only integrates the two existing branches of insurance but also adds additional forms of income (for example rental revenues or profits from interest) to the roster of incomes from which compulsory insurance premiums have to be deducted. And it increases the assessment ceiling up to which premiums have to be deduced. This will lead to a financial relief for the members of the public insurance branch and for the low-income members of the private insurance branch.

Rothgang and Kalwitzki also pointed to the fact that such a citizen insurance system can be implemented more easily in the realm of nursing care than for example in the realm of the normal health care system. Both the private as well as the public branches of the nursing care insurance are already based on similar regulations concerning services and service delivery. This reduces greatly possible resistance and implementation problems compared for example to the health insurance system.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Heinz Rothgang
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58557
E-Mail: rothgang@uni-bremen.de

The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) supports the development and implementation of tools aiming at facilitating the management of research data.

Together with 10 partners Qualiservice participated in the proposal, which has now been approved by the BMBF. The three year project will be coordinated by the GESIS – Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences and connects various actors of the field of eduational research.

The project aims at developing data specific management tools – Domain-Data-Protocols (DDPs) - for the empirical educational research. DDPs are public and referenceable protocols. They describe aspects of data quality, curation and documentation as well as legal and ethical aspects related to a specific datatype. By offering data management suggestions DDPs can guide researchers applying for funding. Beyond DDPs can support research funders in evaluating the applications. Qualiservice Knowing the challenges linked with the specific needs of qualitative research data, Qualiservice will focus on flexible and research oriented solutions. Researchers and funders will be involved from the very beginning.

Since 2018 the German Research Foundation (DFG) supports the implementation of QUALISERVICE as a national data service center for social science qualitative research data. The data service center (FDZ) is located at SOCIUM and is headed by Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein. Archiving is organized together with PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science and the State and University Library Bremen (SuUB). Besides, a coordinated archiving and representation of mixed methods studies will be created together with GESIS – Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. Since 2019 QUALISERVICE manages in close cooperation with the University Library of the Humboldt University Berlin the DFG-funded Specialised Information Service Social and Cultural Anthropology (FID SKA).


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58512
E-Mail: betina.hollstein@uni-bremen.de

Herbert Obinger Co-Editor of the New Standard Reference Work

If one is interested in comprehensive information on the history, theories and methods, details of various policies and their effects in the area of (internationally comparative) social policy research the new source to go to is the some 900 pages strong “Handbuch Sozialpolitik” edited by Herbert Obinger and the Heidelberg Emeritus Manfred G. Schmidt. The German book market offers nothing comparable. Recent surveys only deal with various parts of the subject, for example social law.

The new handbook comprises of seven parts with altogether 41 chapters written by the leading experts in the field (with different disciplinary backgrounds). Ten of the chapters come from members of SOCIUM. Part I covers the history of social policy, part II the theories explaining social policy. Part III deals with the different national welfare state systems and its typologies while part IV gives an overview on the methodologies of social policy research. Part V analyzes current challenges while part VI offers a broad overview on the various complex details of different fields of social policy. The final part VI looks at the effects of social policy.

More Information:
Obinger, Herbert/Schmidt, Manfred G. (Hrsg.) 2019: Handbuch Sozialpolitik, Wiesbaden: Springer VS


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Herbert Obinger
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 5
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58567
E-Mail: herbert.obinger@uni-bremen.de

Special Praise for CRC 1342 and Qualiservice

At the end of March the advisory board used its two day meeting to have a closer look at the research activities of SOCIUM. In discussions with the members of SOCIUM as well as with its board of directors detailed critique as well as high praise was coming forward. The report of the advisory board highlights these findings.

Especially in four core areas of research the advisory board identified the strengths of the research activities of SOCIUM: First, the internationally comparative research on the welfare state and on social policies, especially exemplified by the research of the Collaborative Research Center 1342  “Global Dynamics of Social Policy”. Second, the combination of both qualitative as well as quantitative research methodologies was seen as the traditional strength of Bremen social sciences which gathered national and international importance through the development and expansion of Qualiservice, the service center for qualitative research data. Thirdly, the advisory board praised the continuation of the Bremen tradition of research on life course related inequality, documented by the new chair on life course and social policy financed by a grant of the “Fördernetzwerk Interdisziplinäre Sozialpolitikforschung” of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Fourth, the advisory board underlined the importance of the research on middle classes. The board emphasized its belief that the perspective on middle classes will in the upcoming years develop into a major research field of SOCIUM.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58512
E-Mail: betina.hollstein@uni-bremen.de