German Research Foundation supports establishment of a division for anthropological research data
The grant is part of the Specialised Information Service Social and Cultural Anthropology (FID SKA), managed by the University Library of the Humboldt Universitaet Berlin and QUALISERVICE at Bremen University. One of the aims of FID SKA is to establish QUALISERVICE as a repository also for qualitative ethnographic research data such as audio and video data, field notes and observation protocols offering an adequate solution for the complex archiving requirements of the sometimes highly sensitive research data throughout Germany. Thus, researchers will obtain a reliable source to archive and request ethnological research data for secondary use in research and teaching.
Since 2018 the German Research Foundation (DFG) supports the implementation of QUALISERVICE as a national data service center for social science qualitative research data. Previously QUALISERVICE focused on qualitative interview data. With the new grant the scope will cover the full range of qualitative social science research data.
QUALISERVICE is located at SOCIUM and is headed by Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein. Archiving is organized together with PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science and the State and University Library Bremen (SuUB). Besides, a coordinated archiving and representation of mixed methods studies will be created together with GESIS – Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften.
Result of a Study Coauthored by the Sociologist Lara Minkus of SOCIUM together with to Colleagues from Florence and Magdeburg.
The study asks if and how the public support of the European Union among Europeans has been changed by the election of Donald Trump. The result: The Europeans have a more positive opinion on the EU - and interestingly enough mostly people who consider themselves on the political right. In order to be able to tackle this attitudinal dynamic the authors of the study used the fact that by chance the US presidential elections took place right in the middle of a polling for the Eurobarometer. Eurobarometer is the instrument with which the European Commission regularly polls the public opinion of the EU citizens. This happened also in November 2016. Approximately half of the interviews were conducted prior to the US elections, the other half afterwards. "Because the election of Trump was such a surprise and the date of the interviews prior or after the elections was randomly assigned to the persons and did not correspond to any political opinions of the people interviewed the situation in 2016 approximated a so called natural experiment" says author Lara Minkus. Together with the sociologist Emanuel Deutschmann (European University Institute, Florence) and Jan Delhey, Professor of Macrosociology at the University of Magdeburg Ms Minkus concluded that and change in support for the EU after the US Election must be a "Trump effect".
More support for the EU on the political right
After the election of Trump the EU gets more support from its citizens. But this increase in support shows an unequal distribution if one correlates it with political orientation. It becomes obvious that this Trump effect is especially measurable on the right side of the political spectrum. The political support for the EU also increase in the center and the left side of the political spectrum. But this increase is still in the margin of statistical error. The question of what motivates especially people on the political right to increase their support is open to speculation. The most plausible answer might be the idea that the US elections arouse the hopes that the EU could finally be transferred into some kind of "Europe of the Nations" which would isolate itself against the outside and follow a more protectionist power perspective, says Lara Minkus. "Whether this 'Trump effect' on the right wing was only a short term issue or leads to long term change will be seen after the elections of the European Parliament in May of next year."
DFG supports infrastructure project with 1 Mio. Euro.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) approves the implementation of QUALISERVICE as data service center for social science qualitative interview data. Thus, social researchers will obtain a reliable source to archive and request interview data for secondary use in research and teaching. QUALISERVICE is located at SOCIUM and is headed by Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein.
Archiving will be organized together with PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science and the State and University Library Bremen (SuUB). Besides, a coordinated archiving and representation of mixed methods studies will be created together with GESIS – Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. In order to guarantee the sustainability of QUALISERVICE IT related components for the internal data will be managed together with PANGAEA.
Roots of this project go back to the first Bremen social science special collaborative centre (SFB) 186 "Status Passages and Risk in Life Course" (1989-2001). Hundreds of interviews collected in the SFB were initially archived in "Archive for Life Course Research" to save them for future use. In 2011 the "Archive for Life Course Research" became QUALISERVICE which has been supported by DFG between 2011 and 2014 to develop central components of the data service centre. Objective of the current interdisciplinary project is to establish QUALISERVICE as a nationwide data service centre.
The project includes the implementation of a safe center for the confidential research data management and the implementation of long-term archiving, further development of the anonymization tool, the implementation of a service center with online portal, data delivery service and help desk, the implementation of the overall organization as well as measures of quality assurance and dissemination and exchange with the scientific community.
The University of Bremen will be receiving 1.8 million Euros by the German Research Foundation for the next two years.
Since 2008 the German Family Panel (pairfam) has been collecting information on the formation, development and stability of partnerships. These data are an essential basis for a number of important and interesting social scientific analysis. In December 2017 the German Research Foundation has not only approved two further survey waves, but moreover, also the increase in sample size by 6000 new people.
Research topics are the decision on the birth of children, the IF and WHEN, parenting and children's development, the relationship between generations, the exchange of material resources and intangible services, as well as the social embedding of partnerships and family development processes.
This worldwide unique multidisciplinary study is only possible because thousands of individuals and families have regularly been giving information for the last ten years about their situation in various areas of life. Therefore, development and changes can be documented over a longer period of time. And different perspectives can be taken into account, not only because data are collected about individual respondents, but also on other family members and their relations amongst each other.
Pairfam is a cooperation project of several universities, a structure which has proved highly successful as regards content and organization. The University of Bremen has been part since the beginning with Prof. Dr. Johannes Huinink as co-initiator of the survey. In the following round pairfam will be carried out by the University of Bremen (Prof. Sonja Drobni?, PhD), Jena (Prof. Dr. Franz Neyer), Cologne (Prof. Dr. Karsten Hank) and Munich (Prof. Dr. Josef Brüderl, Prof. Dr. Sabine Walper).
Pairfam data are available for the global scientific community and can be obtained from the GESIS-Institute.
"Moving for the Kids" and the consequences for the resident segregation. The perceived quality of schools and neighborhoods as the cause of residential mobility of families with and without a migration background.
"Moving for the Kids" – residential mobility of families can be motivated to improve the developmental opportunities for the children. On the basis of regionally comparative standardized surveys the planned project examines, how the perceived quality of schools and neighborhoods - among other reasons - influences relocations and housing decisions of families with and without a migration background. For the first time in Germany, the question of whether – in connection with perceived contextual factors of school and neighborhood – parents' motives for maintaining or improving the educational status of their children as well as for maintaining ethnic-cultural capital trigger small-scale migrations is being systematically investigated. These relocations can intensify (white flight) or reduce (spatial assimilation) ethnic segregation - and at the same time influence the kind and extent of social segregation. The project contributes to the analysis of the causes of the spatial mobility behaviour of families with and without a migration background in Germany, but extended by the presumably central factor of parental status resp. aspiration. We expect that housing decisions of young couples and families, especially those from the middle class, are also affected by to which extend they view the local school and neighbourhood as being conducive to the education and development of their (future) children. Contextual characteristics such as high poverty rates and high concentration of migrants in the neighbourhood and schools are perceived as "push" factors. For families with a migration background we suspect that there are motives for preserving local ethnic-cultural capital, which could lower the relevance of educationally motivated moves. In the first step, it will be clarified how strongly motives of children's educational success - also among other motives - influence the assessment of local context conditions, whether families with and without a migration background differ in this respect, and how these motives trigger relocations in interaction with the perceived social and ethnic composition of schools and neighbourhoods. In a second step, it will be investigated how realized moves - aggregated at the macro level - support ethnic and social segregation. Using simulation models in this step also the development of ethnic and social segregation shall predicted on the basis of empirically found determinants of relocations in a regionally comparative manner.
A new Project has been approved by the German Research Foundation
Loss of income, educational panic or burn-out problems in the middle classes keep making headlines. The question of whether the middle classes are disturbed in their 'comfort zone' and whether the seemingly self-evident security is no longer valid for their own children is the subject of various and controversial public debates. In fact, little is known about the lifestyle of the middle classes in Germany. Sociologists from various departments of the SOCIUM will now investigate in a research project recently approved by the German Research Foundation (DFG) which events and developments lead to insecurity and how middle class people deal with these irritations.
In the three-year study (funding volume approx. 400,000 euros) with the title "Investing in Status as a Mode of Living: Practices, Conditions, Disturbances" members of different subgroups of the middle class, also in comparison to members of lower classes, are intensively interviewed on several areas of life such as work, partnership, investments to find out to what extent irritations in these areas affect the entire lifestyle.
The study is part of a larger research programme prepared by Uwe Schimank, Betina Hollstein and Karin Gottschall in collaboration with other sociologists at the University of Bremen and beyond. In addition to the qualitative study mentioned above, in which the postdoctoral researchers and doctoral students Nils C. Kumkar, Rixta Wundrak and Stefan Holubek will also be involved, further projects will investigate the lifestyle of the middle classes in a representative, longitudinal and international comparative manner.
DFG approves funding for the next two years from May 2016 onwards.
The German Family Panel pairfam (“Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics”), which was largely initiated by sociologists at the University of Bremen, enters the next round: In December 2015, the German Research Foundation (DFG) approved the survey waves 9 and 10 of pairfam. The funding volume for the 24-month period is around five million euros, of which about 20 percent will go to the University of Bremen. The first wave of interviews took place in 2008/2009. The project is scheduled to run for a total of 14 years. The pairfam data are available for scientific analysis and can be obtained from the GESIS Institute. The number of registered users was over 1150 in 2015.
Pairfam is jointly conducted by the Universities of Bremen (Professor Johannes Huinink), Chemnitz (Professor Bernhard Nauck), Jena (Professor Franz Neyer), Cologne (Professor Karsten Hank) and Munich (Professor Josef Brüderl, Professor Sabine Walper).