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Cover Cannabis-ReportCover Cannabis-Report
First Study on new Cannabis Medicines and their use presented in Berlin on May 17th, 2018

Since March 2017, the prescription of cannabis at the expense of statutory health funds has been possible, although studies on the efficacy and safety of cannabis medicines are fragmentary. The Cannabis Report was drawn up by the University of Bremen, with the support of the TK, in order to be better able to assess cannabis as a therapy option for various diseases. Preliminary representative data on prescribed cannabis shed light on actual outcomes and contribute towards an objective debate over this new medicine.

In principle, cannabis treatment is assessed as positive, although in comparison to most proven therapies it is not a good alternative. In isolated cases, however, cannabis medicine does help patients.

This is one of the outcomes of the Cannabis Report presented on 17th May 2018 in Berlin.

 

Further information:
Gerd Glaeske/Kristin Sauer, Cannabis Report, 2018
Presentation at the Press Conference Cannabis Report, May 17, 2018, Berlin

 


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Gerd Glaeske
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58559
E-Mail: gglaeske@uni-bremen.de

Prof. Dr. Simone SchergerProf. Dr. Simone Scherger
Simone Scherger member of the Commission "Verlässlicher Generationenvertrag" ("Reliable generational contract")

In their coalition contract, the parties of the governing Grand Coalition had agreed upon establishing a governmental commission on pensions. It consists of representatives of employers and trade unions, of members of the Bundestag and academic experts. The Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs now has appointed this commission consisting of ten members. Simone Scherger from SOCIUM is one of these members.

The aim of the commission is, according to the federal government, to ensure that the German pension system is organized in a just and reliable way for all generations. To this end, it is necessary to ascertain its sustainability and further development with regard to the statutory pension insurance as well as the second and third pension pillars - occupational  and private pensions. In the two years to come, the commission is tasked to develop corresponding political options for the years after 2025. On May 3rd, 2018, Federal Minister Hubertus Heil officially appointed the members of the commission. They will start their work in June.

Among the three academic members, Simone Scherger is the only sociologist. Since April 2018 she has been Professor of Sociology with a special focus on social policy and the life course. The professorship is an endowed chair supported by the "Fördernetzwerk Interdisziplinäre Sozialpolitik" of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. In her research, Simone Scherger focuses on the relationship between life courses and social policies. Concrete topics are, for example, the social risks of atypical employment and new family forms, as well as the effects of social policy reforms (for example in the areas of pensions or employment) on individual life courses. Simone Scherger is especially interested in how specific groups - like women, migrants, people partially incapacitated for work, or free lancers and small self-employed - cope with social risks in their daily life styles and biographical decisions. From 2010 to 2017, Simone Scherger was head of the Emmy Noether research group on "Paid employment beyond pension age in Germany and the UK".


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Simone Scherger
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 5
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58569
E-Mail: simone.scherger@uni-bremen.de

Naegler/Wehkamp (2018) Medizin zwischen Patientenwohl und ÖkonomisierungNaegler/Wehkamp (2018) Medizin zwischen Patientenwohl und Ökonomisierung
A unique qualitative study on the tensions between economization and patient welfare, with recommendations for more transparency in hospitals.

Hospital Medical Practice - Weighing Up between Medical Reasoning and Economic Factors

Are patients and their wellbeing really the focus of interest when they are admitted to hospital, treated and discharged? Can the observable steady rise in cases and the growing complexity of diseases exclusively be attributed to medical needs? Or are these developments an expression of an "economisation" process, which increasingly commingles medical indications with economic interests? What impact do the financing concepts of the health system have on the substance, character and quality of medicine and hospital treatment?

In a qualitative study, the authors of this publication – one of them a doctor, the other an economist – interviewed hospital doctors and hospital managers throughout Germany on the extent to which medical decisions are influenced by interests other than patients'. Their findings testify to the dilemmas confronting hospital managers and doctors when compelled to generate profits so as to secure the economic livelihood of their hospitals. Patient welfare is no longer the main focus of medical and management decisions in hospitals; admissions increase, indications and treatment procedures are drawn out.

These findings not only give cause for concern for the patients. Hospitals also lose their attractiveness as a workplace, for doctors and nursing staff. The authors provide perspectives and recommendations for reversing this development. Hospitals should not be forced to let profit maximisation guide their decision-making, and the welfare of the patients should again become the exclusive criterion for medical decisions.

For further information (in German):
Medizinisch Wissenschafliche Verlagsgesellschaft


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Wehkamp
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58552
E-Mail: karl.wehkamp@uni-bremen.de

Professor Heinz RothgangProfessor Heinz Rothgang
Results on the development of skill shortages in health professions in the Land of Bremen

The report of the "Gesundheitsberufe Monitoring des Landes Bremen" (monitoring of health professions) and its main results were presented today at a press conference by Prof. Quante-Brandt, Senator for Science, Health and Consumer Protection and Prof. Rothgang, SOCIUM.

In the health professions, significantly more skilled workers will be needed in the coming years than are currently being trained. The report analyses the current employment situation and estimates future skill demands and shortages for the following health professions: nurses, paediatric nurses, geriatric nurses, (geriatric) nursing assistants, physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists and midwives.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Heinz Rothgang
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58557
E-Mail: rothgang@uni-bremen.de

Dipl. Soz. Kai Huter
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58547
E-Mail: huter@uni-bremen.de

Institute for Longer, Better LifeInstitute for Longer, Better Life
This is the topic of the first "Live Better, Live Longer" Congress organised by the University of Bremen and BKK24 on 26th April, 2018, in Hanover.

There have long been calls for the promotion and improvement of prevention, which - alongside medical treatment, rehabilitation and long-term care - is the fourth pillar of our healthcare system. However, despite the Prevention Act, which came into force in July 2015, the potential benefits of prevention are still underutilized. The "Länger besser leben." Institut (Institute for Longer, Better Life) - a joint cooperation between the University of Bremen and the BKK24 health insurance fund - has organised the Congress with the aim of making a recognizable contribution to the promotion of prevention.

More Information:
Länger besser leben." Institut (Institute for Longer, Better Life)


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Gerd Glaeske
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58559
E-Mail: gglaeske@uni-bremen.de

DFG supports infrastructure project with 1 Mio. Euro.

The German Research Foundation (DFG) approves the implementation of QUALISERVICE as data service center for social science qualitative interview data. Thus, social researchers will obtain a reliable source to archive and request interview data for secondary use in research and teaching. QUALISERVICE is located at SOCIUM and is headed by Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein.

Archiving will be organized together with PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science and the State and University Library Bremen (SuUB). Besides, a coordinated archiving and representation of mixed methods studies will be created together with GESIS – Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. In order to guarantee the sustainability of QUALISERVICE IT related components for the internal data will be managed together with PANGAEA.

Roots of this project go back to the first Bremen social science special collaborative centre (SFB) 186 "Status Passages and Risk in Life Course" (1989-2001). Hundreds of interviews collected in the SFB were initially archived in "Archive for Life Course Research" to save them for future use. In 2011 the "Archive for Life Course Research" became QUALISERVICE which has been supported by DFG between 2011 and 2014 to develop central components of the data service centre. Objective of the current interdisciplinary project is to establish QUALISERVICE as a nationwide data service centre.

The project includes the implementation of a safe center for the confidential research data management and the implementation of long-term archiving, further development of the anonymization tool, the implementation of a service center with online portal, data delivery service and help desk, the implementation of the overall organization as well as measures of quality assurance and dissemination and exchange with the scientific community.

More Information about QUALISERVICE


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Betina Hollstein
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58512
E-Mail: betina.hollstein@uni-bremen.de

Susanne Kretzer
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58616
E-Mail: skretzer@uni-bremen.de

Professor Heinz RothgangProfessor Heinz Rothgang
Main study for the evaluation of mortality of the German Mammography Screening Program in collaboration with SOCIUM now underway.

For an early detection of breast cancer, more than 2,850,000 women aged 50-69 years participate in the German Mammography Screening Program (MSP) annually. Commissioned by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), this study investigates whether and to what extent the German MSP contributes to a reduction of breast cancer mortality. Following the successful completion of the feasibility study (July 2012 to September 2016), the first stage of the main study commenced in January 2018 with the aim of establishing a database for the evaluation of the German MSP. In the second stage of the main study, this database will be used to carry out an evaluation of breast cancer mortality.

Headed by Heinz Rothgang and Jonas Czwikla, the research team at SOCIUM contributes to the development of the aforementioned database using Statutory Health Insurance claims data from the BARMER Statutory Health Insurance fund.

The main study is carried out under the direction of the University of Muenster. Further project partners are the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, the Cancer Registry of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Working Group of German Tumor Centers.
Funding is provided by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) and the Sponsors of the Mammography Cooperative (KoopG). The total funding volume of the SOCIUM amounts to €350,970.

More information about main study and feasibility study.


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Heinz Rothgang
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58557
E-Mail: rothgang@uni-bremen.de

Jonas Czwikla
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58633
E-Mail: czwikla@uni-bremen.de

High-profile Area Health SciencesHigh-profile Area Health Sciences
The special issue comprises contributions to the conference of the high-profile area of Health Sciences.

In June 2017, the high-profile research area of "Health Sciences", University of Bremen, hosted the international conference "Key issues in current health research: Ageing - Health Equity". Complementing the conference, a special issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Health has just been published, edited by the spokespersons of the high-profile area.

The special issue comprises contributions concerning the relation between social inequalities and health among the elderly, inequality in the utilization of long-term care, and the health status of and service provision for people in need of long-term care, as well as methods-oriented approaches, in particular reflections on participatory research including older people and the need for cross-cultural adaptions of research tools.

More information: International Journal of Environmental Research and Health


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Heinz Rothgang
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 3
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58557
E-Mail: rothgang@uni-bremen.de

Prof. Sonja DrobničProf. Sonja Drobnič
The University of Bremen will be receiving 1.8 million Euros by the German Research Foundation for the next two years.

Since 2008 the German Family Panel (pairfam) has been collecting information on the formation, development and stability of partnerships. These data are an essential basis for a number of important and interesting social scientific analysis. In December 2017 the German Research Foundation has not only approved two further survey waves, but moreover, also the increase in sample size by 6000 new people.

Research topics are the decision on the birth of children, the IF and WHEN, parenting and children's development, the relationship between generations, the exchange of material resources and intangible services, as well as the social embedding of partnerships and family development processes.

This worldwide unique multidisciplinary study is only possible because thousands of individuals and families have regularly been giving information for the last ten years about their situation in various areas of life. Therefore, development and changes can be documented over a longer period of time. And different perspectives can be taken into account, not only because data are collected about individual respondents, but also on other family members and their relations amongst each other.

Pairfam is a cooperation project of several universities, a structure which has proved highly successful as regards content and organization. The University of Bremen has been part since the beginning with Prof. Dr. Johannes Huinink as co-initiator of the survey. In the following round pairfam will be carried out by the University of Bremen (Prof. Sonja Drobni?, PhD), Jena (Prof. Dr. Franz Neyer), Cologne (Prof. Dr. Karsten Hank) and Munich (Prof. Dr. Josef Brüderl, Prof. Dr. Sabine Walper).

Pairfam data are available for the global scientific community and can be obtained from the GESIS-Institute.

More information: Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics (pairfam)


Contact:
Dr. Petra Buhr
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58539
E-Mail: buhr@uni-bremen.de

Prof. Sonja Drobnič
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-66360
E-Mail: sonja.drobnic@bigsss.uni-bremen.de

Timo Peter
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 9
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58542
E-Mail: timo.peter@uni-bremen.de

From left to right: Patricia Zauchner, Tanja Pritzlaff and Frank Nullmeier.From left to right: Patricia Zauchner, Tanja Pritzlaff and Frank Nullmeier.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has approved the continuation of the research group "Need-based justice and dIstribution procedures" (FOR 2104) for another three years.

The University of Bremen is represented by Prof. Frank Nullmeier und PD Dr. Tanja Pritzlaff-Scheele (both SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy) leading the subproject “Experimental studies on the stability of need-based justice in transnational contexts”. For the next three years (April 2018 to March 2021) the project will be dedicated to experimental methods, questions on global justice, political ethics of migration and a fair development policy.

In total, the research group comprises eight subprojects, which are located at the Universities of Bremen, Hamburg, Oldenburg, Vienna (Austria), the Jacobs University Bremen, the Helmut-Schmidt-Universität Hamburg and the University of Applied Sciences Chur (Switzerland). The spokesperson of the research group is Prof. Stefan Traub (formerly University of Bremen, currently Helmut-Schmidt-Universität Hamburg). The subprojects of the research group will receive around 2.4 million Euros in total.

More information:
Website Research Group "Bedarfsgerechtigkeit und Verteilungsprozeduren" (FOR 2104)


Contact:
Prof. Dr. Frank Nullmeier
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy
Mary-Somerville-Straße 7
28359 Bremen
Phone: +49 421 218-58576
E-Mail: frank.nullmeier@uni-bremen.de